June 01, 2021

It’s more than just synthetic grass.

Turf Types

Have you ever experienced artificial turf?

Did you ever think about what manufacturing synthetic turf involves?

It’s okay if you haven’t. Most of us probably haven’t.

But, if you want to learn more, we have a guide for you. Artificial turf can be manufactured from many components such as nylon, polyester, or combination of both.

Enjoy this comparison guide to discover the pros and cons of each type of fiber.



  • While durability can be affected by denier and yarn composition, nylon is usually stronger in direct comparison.


  • More vulnerable to expansion and contraction.
  • Exposure to direct sunlight causes fading.



  • Not as vulnerable to expansion and contraction.
  • Polyester resists UV more efficiently than nylon.


  • Less durable than nylon per pound.



  • Has water-resistant properties.
  • Less likely to tear.
  • Resistant to saltwater corrosion and mildew.


  • Nylon and polyester are both flammable. However, each behaves differently in fire; nylon melts before it burns, polyester melts before it burns.

It’s Not Only About Fiber

There are lots of artificial grass companies marketing their products out there. But, we have a little secret to let you in on. One of the most critical elements of synthetic grass is not just what the fiber (grass blades) is composed of. Turf is a whole system that has to be implemented correctly for proper performance. Below are just some of the elements that will differentiate a low-quality synthetic turf from a high-quality turf.


The backing is made of two layers and finished with a urethane coating. These components are critical as they hold the fibers (grass blades) in place, allow water to drain, and withstand abrasion from the base material.


Infill is a critical component. It adds labor and time but is the final touch that makes certain your warranty is good and your turf performs well. Infill provides ballast, this keeps the turf has no wrinkles and dimensionally solid. Infill adds additional protection to the yarn and backing, helps drainage, and ensures a proper footing.


Yarn fiber is made of resins manufactured to solve the competing challenges of softness and durability. Fibers are available in a number of shades and combinations which allow you to see numerous greens. Thatch is often added for realism.

Artificial Turf Fibers

Keeping Things Cool with Science

One particular product we love is HydroChill™, our patented evaporative cooling technology.

Perspiring is a natural form of thermoregulation known as evaporative cooling. Moisture evaporating from the skin has a cooling effect. Similarly, HydroChill™ has been shown to cool synthetic turf surfaces utilizing the same evaporative cooling principle. As the surface of the turf is heated by the sun’s radiation, moisture stored in the HydroChill™ turf is released. As the moisture evaporates, it leaves a cooler, more comfortable playing surface.

Synthetic Turf Evaporative Cooling 

Astandard wet lawn will provide some cooling, but temperatures can rapidly rise and may exceed uncomfortable levels of heat. In real-world applications, a HydroChill™ lawn has been shown to create a large temperature differential. HydroChill™ has achieved 30° to 50° lower surface temperatures, based on actual lab and outdoor thermocouple testing, compared to a standard synthetic turf system.

Thermocouple Test Readings from Outdoor Synthetic Turf

Less Work. More Play.

Southwest Greens isn’t just a product, it’s also a solution. One that uses substantially less water each year, substantially reduces the impact on mother nature, and requires far less maintenance. All of which gives you the option of less work, more play.

See The Greens